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Reducing risks: School Board's Anaphylaxis Policy

By law, each school board is required to have an Anaphylaxis Policy which must include the following:


Strategies that reduce the risk of exposure
A communication plan
Regular anaphylaxis training
Every school principal must:

Flow chart: Action Steps for Anaphylaxis Management (PDF)
Strategies that reduce the risk of exposure

  • School boards may wish to consider requiring schools to develop a school anaphylaxis plan. Safety should be put first. A school should continuously strive to create an “allergy-safe” vs. “allergy-free” (e.g. peanut-free) environment. No guarantee should be given, explicitly or implicitly, that there will be zero risk.


  • Tips and suggested strategies:

  • Make a voluntary appeal to the community to avoid sending specific allergens in lunches or as snacks.
  • Do not circulate lists of “safe foods,” which can change or become outdated.
  • Designate areas for eating (e.g., “safe zones” for pupils with food allergy), and keep food/drinks out of common areas (e.g. library, computer labs).
  • Supervise younger children while they are eating. They should only eat food approved by their parents.
  • Reduce allergens in vending machines.
  • Consider non-food items for celebrations and rewards.
  • Wash hands before and after eating. Liquid or bar soap or antibacterial wipes are more effective than anti-bacterial hand sanitizers for removing peanut butter residue.
  • Clean surfaces before and after eating, with common household cleaners, sanitizing wipes or bleach containing cleaners.
  • Require a “No Eating” rule during daily travel on school buses.
  • For school trips
    • Advise adult supervisors about pupils with severe allergies.
    • Ensure that each pupil with life-threatening allergies has an extra epinephrine auto-injector.
    • Have a cell phone available.
    • Know location of and route to nearest medical facility.
  • For insect sting allergy
    • Remove hives or nests of stinging insects from school property.
    • Avoid areas where stinging insects gather.
    • Make sure garbage containers are covered or moved away from play areas.
    • Drink from cups rather than beverage cans or bottles, or use a straw.



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